Srila Rupa Gosvami appeared in 1489 in Karnataka, South India. He was the younger brother of Srila Sanatana Gosvami.
Forced by various circumstances, Srila Rupa Gosvami and Sanatana Gosvami had to work for the Muslim government of Bengal under Nawab Hussein Shah. Rupa Gosvami was then known by the Muslim name Dabir Khas ("private secretary"). Although he enjoyed great wealth and prestige, he never forgot Lord Sri Krsna. Even before meeting Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Rupa Gosvami had already written several books on Vedic philosophy and was renowned for his learning and devotion.
In 1514, Rupa and Sanatana met Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu for the first time and were initiated by Him. Rupa left government service and spent ten days hearing from Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu the philosophy of Krsna consciousness. Sri Caitanya then ordered Rupa Gosvami to go Vrndavana with a fourfold mission: (1) to uncover the lost sites of Lord Krsna's pastimes, (2) to install Deities of the Lord and arrange for Their worship, (3) to write books on Krsna consciousness, and (4) to teach the rules of devotional life.
At first Rupa Gosvami felt great difficulty carrying out the desire of Lord Caitanya. But one day, while Rupa was sitting on the bank of the Yamuna River contemplating his mission, a beautiful boy came to him and asked the cause of his despondency. Rupa Gosvami explained. The boy then led him to a small hill.
"Inside this hill," said the boy, "is the beautiful Deity Govindadeva." He said that the Deity had been buried to protect Him during a Muslim invasion.
The next day Rupa Gosvami led a group of villagers to the site and had them excavate the hill. The Deity Govinda was unearthed. Rupa Gosvami then had a magnificent temple constructed under the patronage of Emperor Akbar and Maharaja Man Singh of Amber, Rajasthan.
Rupa Gosvami fulfilled all four parts of the mission given to him by Lord Caitanya, including writing many books on Krsna consciousness. He passed away in 1564. Devotees pay respects to him by visiting his samadhi, or memorial tomb, in the courtyard of the Radha-Damodara temple in Vrndavana.
Research by Syamasundari Dasi, Girls Vaisnava Academy, Alachua, Florida.